The need to ensure that the infrastructure is adapted to the requirements of the economic and social life,has made it necessary to think aboutthe future image of the road network, both in the countryside and in the urban environment necessary for the country’s development.
For this purpose, a hierarchy has been redefined in the programming and in the selection of actions to be undertaken and in the investment policy for the development of roadinfrastructure.
Thus, beyond the primacy that must be devoted to preserving the existing heritage, an action plan resulting from this reflection has been identified. This plandedicate to the need to link the regions to each other, through itineraries that guarantee permanent viability and required safety of the users, and it also aims at enablingthe coexistence of four categories of networks.
- A network of expressways :
expanding on a cumulative linear of the order of 2 thousand Km of roads and which must have a highway aspectfor their quasi-totality, and must favour the organizationof the territorial network by allowing the general traffic to access it through an itinerary of no more than 60 km.To this network will be connected access roads, clearing and avoidance of settlements along its route.
- A basic network
That expands on a linear of about 6 thousands of Km and Which is consisted of primary roads that serves as inter – regional links . This basic network enables the diffusion of thetraffic between and towards the various regions, while also being connected to the road network through interchanges.
This network must be able to benefit from priorities for rehabilitation or modernization works. And the main purpose of these works is improvingthe geometric characteristics, increasing the capacity and strengthening the structure of the network itineraries.
- A local network:
Properly maintained, extending at regional level, assuring the coherence of the entire transport system, and consisted of the rest of the classified network .
- A particular road network on the so-called rural roads :
Which could be favored, as a priority, by the maintenance works, the annual planning and the coating programs.
2- Road infrastructure
In addition to municipal roads, the road infrastructure includes a classified network of roads and a rural network.
The classified network consists of a section of 360 km length of highways, and a total linear of approximately 19750 km of roads, 12750 km of which are coated(or nearly 65%). It has nearly 2100 bridges and drainage system of which: 765 bridges with a span length that exceeds 10m and 343 bridges with a span lengthgreater than 30m.
The coated roads, which have more than doubled since the independence of the country, lead to a current average density of about 70ml / Km2 at the level of the wholeterritory, which translates a relatively satisfactory infrastructure status.
The classified road network is distributed as follows:
National Roads: 3938 Km
Regional Routes: 5117 Km
Local Routes: 2453 Km
Routes in the process of classification: 1242 Km
As for the network of rural roads, whose management is under the aegis of the Ministry of Equipment, it is expanded over a length of about 13 000 km.
86 – 17 of March 7, 1986, amending the legislation related to the State Public Road Domain.
76 – 85 of August 11, 1976, amending the legislation relating to expropriation for reasons of public utility.
87 – 654 of April 20th, 1987 determining the forms and conditions of concession of occupation of the Public Domain of the State.
87 – 655 of 20 April 1987 determining the forms and conditions of occupation of the State Public Road Domain.
87 – 656 of April 20, 1987 fixing the conditions and modalities of installation of advertising devices on the Public Domain of the State or on the riparianproperties.
May 25, 1950 (8 Chaâbane 1369) fixing the budget for the financial year 1950 – 51 (Articles 56, 57, 58, and 59) relating to the fees for temporary occupationsof the Public Domain of the State.
25 October 2002 Ministers of the Interior and Local Development and Equipment, Habitat is Territory Planning, approving the conditions and rules of implementationof speed bumps on public roads.
September 11, 1956 fixing the rates of charges for occupation: Public Domain Public Road.
June 4, 1951 the Director of Finance and the Director of Public Works setting the fees for occupation of the State Public Road Domain.